If you’d like to make your WordPress site faster, you should add expires headers to your website.
But what are the expires headers?
Why are they such important?
And how to add them to your website?
The answers to all these questions are contained in this article. 🙂
What Are Expires Headers?
Before I explain to you what are expires headers, let me first write something about browser cache.
Each website contains some static files which are not updated too often. Some HTML, JS, and CSS files are the best examples of them.
But what does it mean for you as the user of the Internet?
It means that if your web browser requests these types of files today, it doesn’t have to (and even shouldn’t) download them again if you visit the same page within the next few days or weeks.
Those files should be just loaded from your web browser’s cache memory.
So what are the expires headers?
Expires headers are the set of rules (stored in your site’s configuration), which tell your visitors’ web browsers when to discard the previously cached files and fetch their new versions.
How Do Expires Headers Work?
As I mentioned before, expires headers instruct your visitors’ web browsers when they should retrieve the newer versions of the files.
As everyone knows, each file has its own filetype.
The instructions contained in that set of rules are grouped by filetypes. Those instructions define the expiration periods for each filetype.
Before I show you how you can add expires headers to your WordPress site, let’s take a look at the score concerning the headers of my blog.
As you can see, there’s nothing to improve in this area on my blog. 🙂
And if you’d like to achieve such great results in GTmetrix and other speed tests as I did, here’s my complete guide on how you can do that.
How To Add Expires Headers Manually To .htaccess File (If You Use Apache Server)?
If you host your site at any company based on the Apache server (these days, almost everyone does), you can add expires headers to your website in one of two ways.
So here’s the first one:
1. Log into your WordPress dashboard.
2. Go to the WP File Manager plugin (you may need to install and activate it first if you haven’t done that yet).
3. Right-click .htaccess file and choose Code Editor from the menu.
4. Copy the following lines of code and paste them at the beginning of the .htaccess file.
5. Then, you just need to click Save & Close.
How To Add Expires Headers Automatically Using A WordPress Plugin?
Instead of editing your .htaccess file, you can also add expires headers to your WordPress site automatically.
Although other guides mention a few various plugins for this purpose, I can recommend you just one of them – WP Rocket.
Using this plugin, you’ll not only add expires headers to your site, but you’ll also speed up your website quite significantly.
More information about configuring this amazing caching plugin is available here.
And as it comes to the lines of code from the previous section of this article, it’s the code generated by the WP Rocket plugin.
So why would you do it manually in such a case?
How To Add Expires Headers If You Use Nginx Server?
There are two ways of adding the expires headers to your WordPress site – manual and automatic.
In my opinion, it’s best to add them using WP Rocket.
Besides, I highly recommend you to move each of your sites to Kinsta.
If you do this, you’ll get a few additional benefits, such as setting up https www more easily and much faster loading of your website!
Rafał Alitojć is a graduate of two universities (PWSZ in Zamość and PJATK in Warsaw).
Besides, he is the founder & owner of AliveBetter blog, where you will find some cool information about blogging, SEO, marketing, and the techniques of making money online on your blog.